Pruning, Training and Shaping Trees the Japanese Way
Japansk beskjæringskunst, estetikk, og fysiologi. Detaljerte instruksjoner, foto og illustrasjon. “Niwaki” betyr “hagetre” eller “skulpturert tre”. Forenklet sagt er det Bonzai i full størrelse, ute i hagen – uten potte.
Jake Hobson spent a year working at a traditional tree nursery in Osaka, before returning to the UK to work with Architectural Plants and setting up his business Niwaki. He offers a topiary and Japanese pruning service, gives workshops and lectures.
In Japan, trees pervade the physical landscape and have long held a lofty position in the country's spiritual and sociocultural domain. Fittingly, Japanese gardeners have fine-tuned a distinctive set of pruning techniques meant to coax out the essential characters of their garden trees, or niwaki. The approach is calculated and dramatic; niwaki are sculpted to achieve certain effects, from the appearance of maturity to an asymmetrical or even lightning-struck look.
Jake Hobson, who honed the techniques in an Osaka nursery before adapting them in West Sussex, England, encourages the reader to venture beyond familiar tree pruning methods to 46 linecultivate their very own niwaki. After giving insight into the spiritual concept of "yin and yang" and the deep-seated sociocultural emphasis on balance that underpin the approach, the author details the basic principles of Japanese tree pruning. He goes on to offer in-depth guidelines for sculpting pines, azaleas, conifers, evergreens, bamboos, and deciduous trees. He also places Japanese tree pruning in context, discussing what happens "behind the scenes" at Japanese nurseries and describing instances of niwaki in private and public gardens worldwide. Throughout the text, illustrations complement the detailed instructions, while photographs and anecdotes bring the ideas surrounding niwaki vividly to life.
JAKE HOBSON draws upon years of experience with Japanese gardens and landscaping. He spent a year at a nursery in Osaka, and in 2004 started his own business-Niwaki, Japanese Garden Tools. A keen observer of the artistry of gardens, Jake received his bachelor's degree in sculpture.
Eloquent without being stuffy, authoritative without being didactic.
– Jim B.